why do chillers using low pressure refrigerants require purge units

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“`If you own a refrigeration appliance, you may have heard of purge units. These units are designed to remove any air or moisture that enters the system due to leaks. The term “purge” simply means to remove something, and in this case, it refers to removing unwanted air and moisture. As the air enters the system, it tends to collect at the top or highest point in the system.

This is where the purge unit comes in handy, as it can effectively remove the air and moisture, ensuring that your refrigeration appliance runs smoothly and efficiently.“`

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What is the primary purpose of a purge unit on a low-pressure chiller quizlet?

Chillers that use low-pressure refrigerants require purge units for a specific reason. These systems need to eliminate any contaminated refrigerant that may be present. This is important because low-pressure refrigerants are more susceptible to contamination, which can lead to reduced efficiency and potential damage to the chiller. By using a purge unit, any contaminants can be removed, ensuring that the refrigerant remains clean and the chiller operates at optimal levels.

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What is the primary purpose of a purge unit?

The primary purpose of the purge system is to ensure that the refrigeration system remains free from any non-condensable gases, such as air, and moisture. When non-condensable gases accumulate within the system, it leads to an increase in condensing pressure, which ultimately results in a loss of operational efficiency. Therefore, the purge system plays a crucial role in maintaining the optimal functioning of the refrigeration system.

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What is excessive running of a purge system on a low-pressure chiller?

If you notice that your purge system is running excessively on a low-pressure chiller, it’s likely that your system is leaking. This is an important issue to address as soon as possible, as leaks can lead to decreased efficiency and even system failure. It’s important to have a professional inspect your system to locate and repair any leaks. Ignoring the issue can lead to higher energy bills and potentially costly repairs down the line.

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Where does the refrigerant go after it leaves the purge unit of a low-pressure chiller?

After leaving the purge unit of a low-pressure chiller, the refrigerant goes through a series of processes. First, it enters the compressor where it is compressed and heated. Then, it moves to the condenser where it releases heat and condenses into a liquid. The liquid refrigerant then flows through the expansion valve, where it expands and cools down.

Finally, it enters the evaporator where it absorbs heat and evaporates back into a gas. This cycle repeats itself as the refrigerant continuously circulates through the chiller system. It is important to note that the refrigerant should never be released into the atmosphere as it can contribute to ozone depletion and global warming. Instead, it should be properly recovered and recycled.

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What is purging in refrigerant?

The efficient operation of compressors and condensers is crucial in any refrigeration system. To achieve this, the purger plays a vital role in removing unwanted gases, particularly air, from the system. This process helps to improve the overall efficiency of the system, regardless of the refrigerant used. Therefore, it is essential to ensure that the purger is functioning correctly to maintain optimal performance.

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What must be done when recovering the liquid refrigerant from a low-pressure chiller?

When it comes to removing refrigerant from a low-pressure system, the first step is to remove the liquid. However, it’s important to note that the process doesn’t end there. After the liquid refrigerant has been recovered, the next step is to recover the vapor refrigerant as well. This is crucial to ensure that all of the refrigerant has been properly removed from the system, which is not only important for safety reasons but also for environmental concerns.

By following these steps, you can ensure that your low-pressure chiller is properly maintained and functioning at its best.

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Why do chillers using CFC 11 and HCFC 123 require purge units?

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“`When it comes to refrigerants like CFC-11 and HCFC-123, chillers that use them operate at pressures below atmospheric levels. As a result, they need a purge unit to function properly. The main function of a purge unit is to eliminate any non-condensable substances from the system.“`

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What refrigerants are commonly used on low-pressure chillers?

R-11 is a type of refrigerant that was commonly used in low-pressure centrifugal chillers. However, due to its harmful effects on the environment, it has been phased out and is no longer in use. The use of R-11 contributed to the depletion of the ozone layer and was found to have a high global warming potential. As a result, alternative refrigerants have been developed and are now widely used in the industry.

It is important to be aware of the environmental impact of refrigerants and to choose more sustainable options.

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What is low-pressure problem in chiller?

A chiller plant can experience a low-pressure fault when the compressor’s inlet pressure is too low, triggering the low-pressure protection relay. For a chiller operating at room temperature, the standard compressor suction pressure should range between 0.3 to 0.45 Mpa, while the protection value is set at 0.

2 Mpa.

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Why do chillers surge at low load?

When it comes to HVAC systems, surges can be a common issue that arises due to various factors. One of the main causes of surges is changes in operating conditions, particularly when the load is low. Additionally, maintenance problems such as clogged tubes, low refrigerant charge, or non-condensables in the refrigerant can also lead to surges. Poor regulation of water flow rates and condenser water temperatures can also contribute to this problem.

It’s important to address these issues promptly to prevent further damage to the system and ensure optimal performance.

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Which compressor is used in low pressure chillers?

The chiller’s top houses the centrifugal compressor, which receives its supply from the evaporator’s suction line. The refrigerant boils in the evaporator and transforms into a low-pressure, slightly superheated vapor that is then drawn into the suction line. Once inside the compressor, the vapor passes through the vane guides.

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Where is a low pressure chiller most likely to leak?

Rewritten: When it comes to low-pressure chillers, one of the most common ways that water can leak into the refrigerant system is through air leaks in the rupture disc assembly. This can be a serious problem, as water in the refrigerant system can cause corrosion and other damage that can lead to costly repairs. It’s important to regularly inspect and maintain your chiller to ensure that it is functioning properly and to address any leaks or other issues as soon as possible. By taking these steps, you can help prevent water from entering your refrigerant system and keep your chiller running smoothly for years to come.

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How does one detect a leak in a low-pressure system?

A reliable method for detecting low-pressure leaks is the Bubble test. This test can be demonstrated by submerging a punctured bicycle tube in water and marking the source of the bubbles. Another way to perform the Bubble test is by applying washing-up liquid around the joint of an active water or gas pipe and observing whether the liquid forms a froth. These methods are effective in identifying leaks and can be used to prevent potential hazards.

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What causes a low-pressure fault?

If the expansion valve opening is too small or damaged, it can cause a decrease in the amount of refrigerant vapor that passes through. This can lead to a low-pressure fault due to the compressor inlet pressure being too low. It’s important to ensure that the expansion valve is functioning properly to maintain the correct amount of refrigeration steam and prevent any potential issues.

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Where do leaks commonly occur in low-pressure systems?

Leakage within a system can occur from various parts, but the areas that are most prone to problems are couplings, hoses, tubes, and fittings. Among these, tubes and push-to-lock fittings are particularly common culprits. It is important to regularly inspect these components to ensure that they are functioning properly and not contributing to any leaks. By addressing these potential problem areas, you can help prevent leaks and maintain the integrity of your system.

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Where does refrigerant go after purge unit?

Can you answer this common question about refrigerant? Once the refrigerant has been purged of air and moisture, where does it go? The answer is that it enters the evaporator through the expansion valve. This is an important step in the refrigeration cycle, as the evaporator is where the refrigerant absorbs heat and cools the surrounding air or liquid. It’s crucial that the refrigerant is free from any contaminants before entering the evaporator, as this can affect the efficiency and performance of the entire system.

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Where does refrigerant go after it leaves?

When the refrigerant exits the compressor, it’s in the form of a hot vapor, with temperatures ranging from 120° to 140°F. This vapor then moves into the outdoor coil, also known as the condenser. As the name implies, this is where the refrigerant undergoes condensation.

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Where does the refrigerant flow to after it leaves the compressor?

Once the refrigerant exits the compressor, it moves on to the next phase of the cycle, which is condensation. This stage involves the refrigerant passing through a condenser that contains a series of S-shaped tubes. As the hot vapor flows through the condenser, a fan blows cool air across the tubes. This process causes the refrigerant to release heat and transform into a liquid state.

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When the refrigerant leaves the receiver where does it flow next?

The refrigerant undergoes a series of transformations as it moves through the cooling system. Initially, it flows through the compressor, which increases its pressure. From there, it moves on to the condenser, where it changes from a vapor to a liquid state, releasing heat in the process. This crucial step is what allows the refrigerant to absorb heat from the surrounding environment and cool the space it is intended to cool.

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